Journal Articles

  1. Resting State Functional Network Disruptions in a Kainic Acid Model of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
    Ravnoor Gill, Seyed Mirsattari, and Stan Leung
    NeuroImage: Clinical (Under Review), 2016

    We studied the graph topological properties of brain networks derived from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging in a kainic acid induced model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) in rats. Functional connectivity was determined by temporal correlation of the resting-state Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) signals between two brain regions during 1.5% and 2% isoflurane, and analyzed as networks in epileptic and control rats. Graph theoretical analysis revealed a significant increase in functional connectivity between brain areas in epileptic than control rats, and the connected brain areas could be categorized as a limbic network and a default mode network (DMN). The limbic network includes the hippocampus, amygdala, piriform cortex, nucleus accumbens, and mediodorsal thalamus, whereas DMN involves the medial prefrontal cortex, anterior and posterior cingulate cortex, auditory and temporal association cortex, and posterior parietal cortex. The TLE model manifested a higher clustering coefficient, increased global and local efficiency, and increased small-worldness as compared to controls, despite having a similar characteristic path length. These results suggest extensive disruptions in the functional brain networks, which may be the basis of altered cognitive, emotional and psychiatric symptoms in TLE.


  1. Resting-state Functional Network Disruptions in a Rodent Model of Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (TLE)
    Ravnoor Gill
    MSc Thesis, University of Western Ontario, 2015
    [abstract, link]

    Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of drug-refractory epilepsy. The clinical application of non-invasively mapped networks using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) in humans has been rather limited due to heterogeneous (varying etiology, drugs, onset, latent period, etc.) patient groups. We employed a pharmacological (kainic acid) rodent model of TLE to measure the extent of functional network disruptions using rsfMRI, and study selected behaviors and olfactory to hippocampus transmission. Graph theoretical network modelling and analysis revealed significant increase in functional connectivity connectivity to the temporal lobe (hippocampus) in epileptic-rats compared to controls in the limbic (nucleus accumbens, medial dorsal thalamus), and “default mode” network (retrosplenial, sensorimotor, auditory and posterior parietal cortices). Loss in righting reflex that occurred in response to a lower isoflurane concentration in kainate-treated rats compared to controls was also revealed. These results suggest extensive disruptions in brain networks affected by TLE.